A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .
Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?
Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?
A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?
Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?
Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.
How many noughts are at the end of these giant numbers?
Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?
Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .
Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?
Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .
Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?
Find the frequency distribution for ordinary English, and use it to help you crack the code.
Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?
In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?
Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?
Can you find any two-digit numbers that satisfy all of these statements?