When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

This article takes the reader through divisibility tests and how they work. An article to read with pencil and paper to hand.

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

I'm thinking of a number. My number is both a multiple of 5 and a multiple of 6. What could my number be?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.

In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Using the digits 1 to 9, the number 4396 can be written as the product of two numbers. Can you find the factors?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?