Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.
Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?
Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.
What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?
This article takes the reader through divisibility tests and how they work. An article to read with pencil and paper to hand.
Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...
Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?
How many noughts are at the end of these giant numbers?
The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?
Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .
I'm thinking of a number. My number is both a multiple of 5 and a multiple of 6. What could my number be?
Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?
What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
How did the the rotation robot make these patterns?
The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .
Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?
Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?
I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?
Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .
Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.
Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)
In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?
6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?
Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .
Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.
Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?