When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Using your knowledge of the properties of numbers, can you fill all the squares on the board?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Using the digits 1 to 9, the number 4396 can be written as the product of two numbers. Can you find the factors?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?