Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.
The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What
are the values of A and B?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens
with different powers of 2?
I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could
easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always
have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?
What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 =
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT
divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a
factor of 9261000. What is N?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2
or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the
remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2.
Can you find my number?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with
the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50
times. What is the value of the digit M?
Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in
different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and
10101 are composite in any base.
Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and
once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of
the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides
exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest
power of two that divides exactly into 100!?
Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH
website that could be suitable for students who have a good
understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take
on some. . . .
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from
her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by
saying, "Well, how old are they?"
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587,
3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?
How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the
product of first hundred positive integers?
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using
a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How
can her answer be the same as the total at the till?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order
to work out the missing headers?
Each letter represents a different positive digit
AHHAAH / JOKE = HA
What are the values of each of the letters?
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is
multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square
Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .
Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four
digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the
digits 1 to 8 once and only once.