Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Does a graph of the triangular numbers cross a graph of the six times table? If so, where? Will a graph of the square numbers cross the times table too?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?