Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Can you find any two-digit numbers that satisfy all of these statements?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.