This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.