Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Investigate the different shaped bracelets you could make from 18 different spherical beads. How do they compare if you use 24 beads?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.