Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Does a graph of the triangular numbers cross a graph of the six times table? If so, where? Will a graph of the square numbers cross the times table too?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?