Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Complete the magic square using the numbers 1 to 25 once each. Each row, column and diagonal adds up to 65.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.