Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Each light in this interactivity turns on according to a rule. What happens when you enter different numbers? Can you find the smallest number that lights up all four lights?

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Use the interactivities to complete these Venn diagrams.

Factors and Multiples game for an adult and child. How can you make sure you win this game?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Use the interactivity to create some steady rhythms. How could you create a rhythm which sounds the same forwards as it does backwards?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.