Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Factors and Multiples game for an adult and child. How can you make sure you win this game?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Can you find any two-digit numbers that satisfy all of these statements?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

The items in the shopping basket add and multiply to give the same amount. What could their prices be?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?