Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.