On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.