Look at the squares in this problem. What does the next square look like? I draw a square with 81 little squares inside it. How long and how wide is my square?

If there is a ring of six chairs and thirty children must either sit on a chair or stand behind one, how many children will be behind each chair?

Pat counts her sweets in different groups and both times she has some left over. How many sweets could she have had?

On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?

You can make a calculator count for you by any number you choose. You can count by ones to reach 24. You can count by twos to reach 24. What else can you count by to reach 24?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Use cubes to continue making the numbers from 7 to 20. Are they sticks, rectangles or squares?

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Does a graph of the triangular numbers cross a graph of the six times table? If so, where? Will a graph of the square numbers cross the times table too?

In this maze of hexagons, you start in the centre at 0. The next hexagon must be a multiple of 2 and the next a multiple of 5. What are the possible paths you could take?

There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?