On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Find the squares that Froggie skips onto to get to the pumpkin patch. She starts on 3 and finishes on 30, but she lands only on a square that has a number 3 more than the square she skips from.

Investigate which numbers make these lights come on. What is the smallest number you can find that lights up all the lights?

Mr Gilderdale is playing a game with his class. What rule might he have chosen? How would you test your idea?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

If there is a ring of six chairs and thirty children must either sit on a chair or stand behind one, how many children will be behind each chair?

Can you work out how to balance this equaliser? You can put more than one weight on a hook.

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

How many trains can you make which are the same length as Matt's, using rods that are identical?

In this maze of hexagons, you start in the centre at 0. The next hexagon must be a multiple of 2 and the next a multiple of 5. What are the possible paths you could take?

Pat counts her sweets in different groups and both times she has some left over. How many sweets could she have had?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Ben and his mum are planting garlic. Use the interactivity to help you find out how many cloves of garlic they might have had.

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Yasmin and Zach have some bears to share. Which numbers of bears can they share so that there are none left over?

Can you help the children in Mrs Trimmer's class make different shapes out of a loop of string?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?

Look at the squares in this problem. What does the next square look like? I draw a square with 81 little squares inside it. How long and how wide is my square?

Arrange any number of counters from these 18 on the grid to make a rectangle. What numbers of counters make rectangles? How many different rectangles can you make with each number of counters?

Does a graph of the triangular numbers cross a graph of the six times table? If so, where? Will a graph of the square numbers cross the times table too?

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

Use the interactivity to sort these numbers into sets. Can you give each set a name?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Use the interactivities to complete these Venn diagrams.

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Use the interactivity to create some steady rhythms. How could you create a rhythm which sounds the same forwards as it does backwards?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.