Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and keep repeating this. What happens?

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to solve this Sudoku.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

in how many ways can you place the numbers 1, 2, 3 … 9 in the nine regions of the Olympic Emblem (5 overlapping circles) so that the amount in each ring is the same?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

In this article, the NRICH team describe the process of selecting solutions for publication on the site.

Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow your logic?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.