The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top, put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you predict the last card?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of procedures will help - variables not essential.

Remember that you want someone following behind you to see where you went. Can yo work out how these patterns were created and recreate them?

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.

This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.

In this article, the NRICH team describe the process of selecting solutions for publication on the site.

A Sudoku based on clues that give the differences between adjacent cells.