If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and keep repeating this. What happens?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.