A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?