A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using
a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How
can her answer be the same as the total at the till?
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from
her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by
saying, "Well, how old are they?"
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent
pair adds up to a square number?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both
sides once you've made the pieces?
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in
two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation"
make this a doubly interesting problem.
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with
3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same
The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?
Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?
An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles.
Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4,
5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one
Four friends must cross a bridge. How can they all cross it in just 17 minutes?