Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and keep repeating this. What happens?

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow your logic?

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

In this article, the NRICH team describe the process of selecting solutions for publication on the site.

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.