You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?
Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?
Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.
I added together some of my neighbours house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?
Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.
The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to solve this Sudoku.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .
Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.
This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
A Sudoku with a twist.
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.
Mr Smith and Mr Jones are two maths teachers. By asking questions, the answers to which may be right or wrong, Mr Jones is able to find the number of the house Mr Smith lives in... Or not!
Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.
Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.
A Sudoku with a twist.
A Sudoku based on clues that give the differences between adjacent cells.
This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.
This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.
Have a go at this game which has been inspired by the Big Internet Math-Off 2019. Can you gain more columns of lily pads than your opponent?
A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?
This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?
In this article, the NRICH team describe the process of selecting solutions for publication on the site.
A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.
A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
in how many ways can you place the numbers 1, 2, 3 … 9 in the nine regions of the Olympic Emblem (5 overlapping circles) so that the amount in each ring is the same?
Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.
Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and keep repeating this. What happens?
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.