The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

A Sudoku based on clues that give the differences between adjacent cells.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

Imagine you have an unlimited number of four types of triangle. How many different tetrahedra can you make?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow your logic?

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.