During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

What is the date in February 2002 where the 8 digits are palindromic if the date is written in the British way?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the real time) they arrived at the airport.

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

On a digital 24 hour clock, at certain times, all the digits are consecutive. How many times like this are there between midnight and 7 a.m.?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock over a whole day?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

The pages of my calendar have got mixed up. Can you sort them out?

In this matching game, you have to decide how long different events take.

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?