Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?
These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.
When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.
The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?
Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?
Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.
If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?
Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?
Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?
A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?
The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.
Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?
Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?
Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.
There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?
How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?
Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.
You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.
These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?