Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

My cube has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has taken? What does each face look like?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?