Penta people, the Pentominoes, always build their houses from five square rooms. I wonder how many different Penta homes you can create?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

In this challenge, buckets come in five different sizes. If you choose some buckets, can you investigate the different ways in which they can be filled?

In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

In a bowl there are 4 Chocolates, 3 Jellies and 5 Mints. Find a way to share the sweets between the three children so they each get the kind they like. Is there more than one way to do it?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock over a whole day?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

This task depends on groups working collaboratively, discussing and reasoning to agree a final product.

Here are four cubes joined together. How many other arrangements of four cubes can you find? Can you draw them on dotty paper?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Find all the different shapes that can be made by joining five equilateral triangles edge to edge.

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

On a digital 24 hour clock, at certain times, all the digits are consecutive. How many times like this are there between midnight and 7 a.m.?

Using all ten cards from 0 to 9, rearrange them to make five prime numbers. Can you find any other ways of doing it?

How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?

My dice has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has taken? What does each face look like?

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

Can you rearrange the biscuits on the plates so that the three biscuits on each plate are all different and there is no plate with two biscuits the same as two biscuits on another plate?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the real time) they arrived at the airport.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

What is the date in February 2002 where the 8 digits are palindromic if the date is written in the British way?

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?