Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Use the numbers and symbols to make this number sentence correct. How many different ways can you find?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so if you work in a systematic way, you won't leave any out.