This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.