Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so if you work in a systematic way, you won't leave any out.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?