Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Let's suppose that you are going to have a magazine which has 16 pages of A5 size. Can you find some different ways to make these pages? Investigate the pattern for each if you number the pages.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

How many rectangles can you find in this shape? Which ones are differently sized and which are 'similar'?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the animal names under each column in the block graph using the information?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.

What is the date in February 2002 where the 8 digits are palindromic if the date is written in the British way?

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?

When you throw two regular, six-faced dice you have more chance of getting one particular result than any other. What result would that be? Why is this?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock over a whole day?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Can you draw a square in which the perimeter is numerically equal to the area?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the real time) they arrived at the airport.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.