10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

Imagine you have an unlimited number of four types of triangle. How many different tetrahedra can you make?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download the cards or have a go on squared paper.

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Are all the possible combinations of two shapes included in this set of 27 cards? How do you know?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .