This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the animal names under each column in the block graph using the information?

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

What is the date in February 2002 where the 8 digits are palindromic if the date is written in the British way?

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock over a whole day?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the real time) they arrived at the airport.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?