Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the animal names under each column in the block graph using the information?

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?