This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Put 10 counters in a row. Find a way to arrange the counters into five pairs, evenly spaced in a row, in just 5 moves, using the rules.

How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?

Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?

Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

How many trapeziums, of various sizes, are hidden in this picture?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

Can you rearrange the biscuits on the plates so that the three biscuits on each plate are all different and there is no plate with two biscuits the same as two biscuits on another plate?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

What could the half time scores have been in these Olympic hockey matches?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.