These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

My cube has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has taken? What does each face look like?

Using all ten cards from 0 to 9, rearrange them to make five prime numbers. Can you find any other ways of doing it?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Penta people, the Pentominoes, always build their houses from five square rooms. I wonder how many different Penta homes you can create?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!