Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!