This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?