Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?