This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

Penta people, the Pentominoes, always build their houses from five square rooms. I wonder how many different Penta homes you can create?

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

Let's suppose that you are going to have a magazine which has 16 pages of A5 size. Can you find some different ways to make these pages? Investigate the pattern for each if you number the pages.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the real time) they arrived at the airport.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

When you throw two regular, six-faced dice you have more chance of getting one particular result than any other. What result would that be? Why is this?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Here are four cubes joined together. How many other arrangements of four cubes can you find? Can you draw them on dotty paper?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Find all the different shapes that can be made by joining five equilateral triangles edge to edge.

Can you rearrange the biscuits on the plates so that the three biscuits on each plate are all different and there is no plate with two biscuits the same as two biscuits on another plate?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock over a whole day?

How many rectangles can you find in this shape? Which ones are differently sized and which are 'similar'?

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.