10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

Put 10 counters in a row. Find a way to arrange the counters into five pairs, evenly spaced in a row, in just 5 moves, using the rules.

If you split the square into these two pieces, it is possible to fit the pieces together again to make a new shape. How many new shapes can you make?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Can you work out how to balance this equaliser? You can put more than one weight on a hook.

Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download the cards or have a go on squared paper.

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

What happens when you try and fit the triomino pieces into these two grids?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Here are some rods that are different colours. How could I make a dark green rod using yellow and white rods?

In this maze of hexagons, you start in the centre at 0. The next hexagon must be a multiple of 2 and the next a multiple of 5. What are the possible paths you could take?

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?