Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Throughout these challenges, the touching faces of any adjacent dice must have the same number. Can you find a way of making the total on the top come to each number from 11 to 18 inclusive?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

How could you arrange at least two dice in a stack so that the total of the visible spots is 18?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

What two-digit numbers can you make with these two dice? What can't you make?

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.