Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

In your bank, you have three types of coins. The number of spots shows how much they are worth. Can you choose coins to exchange with the groups given to make the same total?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remove them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Throughout these challenges, the touching faces of any adjacent dice must have the same number. Can you find a way of making the total on the top come to each number from 11 to 18 inclusive?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

In this matching game, you have to decide how long different events take.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.