How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

What's the largest volume of box you can make from a square of paper?

Build gnomons that are related to the Fibonacci sequence and try to explain why this is possible.

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?

Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Watch these videos to see how Phoebe, Alice and Luke chose to draw 7 squares. How would they draw 100?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

A standard die has the numbers 1, 2 and 3 are opposite 6, 5 and 4 respectively so that opposite faces add to 7? If you make standard dice by writing 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 on blank cubes you will find. . . .

ABCD is a regular tetrahedron and the points P, Q, R and S are the midpoints of the edges AB, BD, CD and CA. Prove that PQRS is a square.

Slide the pieces to move Khun Phaen past all the guards into the position on the right from which he can escape to freedom.

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions of. . . .

At the time of writing the hour and minute hands of my clock are at right angles. How long will it be before they are at right angles again?

This article for teachers discusses examples of problems in which there is no obvious method but in which children can be encouraged to think deeply about the context and extend their ability to. . . .

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

Four rods, two of length a and two of length b, are linked to form a kite. The linkage is moveable so that the angles change. What is the maximum area of the kite?

The whole set of tiles is used to make a square. This has a green and blue border. There are no green or blue tiles anywhere in the square except on this border. How many tiles are there in the set?

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

Charlie and Alison have been drawing patterns on coordinate grids. Can you picture where the patterns lead?

Show that among the interior angles of a convex polygon there cannot be more than three acute angles.

Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?

Blue Flibbins are so jealous of their red partners that they will not leave them on their own with any other bue Flibbin. What is the quickest way of getting the five pairs of Flibbins safely to. . . .

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

Can you cross each of the seven bridges that join the north and south of the river to the two islands, once and once only, without retracing your steps?

Imagine you are suspending a cube from one vertex and allowing it to hang freely. What shape does the surface of the water make around the cube?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

These are pictures of the sea defences at New Brighton. Can you work out what a basic shape might be in both images of the sea wall and work out a way they might fit together?