A blue coin rolls round two yellow coins which touch. The coins are the same size. How many revolutions does the blue coin make when it rolls all the way round the yellow coins? Investigate for a. . . .

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Three circles have a maximum of six intersections with each other. What is the maximum number of intersections that a hundred circles could have?

The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .

Three frogs started jumping randomly over any adjacent frog. Is it possible for them to finish up in the same order they started?

Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?

In a right angled triangular field, three animals are tethered to posts at the midpoint of each side. Each rope is just long enough to allow the animal to reach two adjacent vertices. Only one animal. . . .

ABCDEFGH is a 3 by 3 by 3 cube. Point P is 1/3 along AB (that is AP : PB = 1 : 2), point Q is 1/3 along GH and point R is 1/3 along ED. What is the area of the triangle PQR?

The diagram shows a very heavy kitchen cabinet. It cannot be lifted but it can be pivoted around a corner. The task is to move it, without sliding, in a series of turns about the corners so that it. . . .

A half-cube is cut into two pieces by a plane through the long diagonal and at right angles to it. Can you draw a net of these pieces? Are they identical?

A rectangular field has two posts with a ring on top of each post. There are two quarrelsome goats and plenty of ropes which you can tie to their collars. How can you secure them so they can't. . . .

The image in this problem is part of a piece of equipment found in the playground of a school. How would you describe it to someone over the phone?

Find the ratio of the outer shaded area to the inner area for a six pointed star and an eight pointed star.

A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?

A cheap and simple toy with lots of mathematics. Can you interpret the images that are produced? Can you predict the pattern that will be produced using different wheels?

Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Given a 2 by 2 by 2 skeletal cube with one route `down' the cube. How many routes are there from A to B?

We are given a regular icosahedron having three red vertices. Show that it has a vertex that has at least two red neighbours.

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

A standard die has the numbers 1, 2 and 3 are opposite 6, 5 and 4 respectively so that opposite faces add to 7? If you make standard dice by writing 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 on blank cubes you will find. . . .

A right-angled isosceles triangle is rotated about the centre point of a square. What can you say about the area of the part of the square covered by the triangle as it rotates?

In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem, but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?

A cyclist and a runner start off simultaneously around a race track each going at a constant speed. The cyclist goes all the way around and then catches up with the runner. He then instantly turns. . . .

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

Show that among the interior angles of a convex polygon there cannot be more than three acute angles.

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Can you visualise whether these nets fold up into 3D shapes? Watch the videos each time to see if you were correct.

Can you mark 4 points on a flat surface so that there are only two different distances between them?

See if you can anticipate successive 'generations' of the two animals shown here.

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Watch these videos to see how Phoebe, Alice and Luke chose to draw 7 squares. How would they draw 100?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

Build gnomons that are related to the Fibonacci sequence and try to explain why this is possible.

Use a single sheet of A4 paper and make a cylinder having the greatest possible volume. The cylinder must be closed off by a circle at each end.

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?