This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover an eight by eight chessboard?

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?

What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?

Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download the cards or have a go on squared paper.

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this shape. How would you describe it?

This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.

Blue Flibbins are so jealous of their red partners that they will not leave them on their own with any other bue Flibbin. What is the quickest way of getting the five pairs of Flibbins safely to. . . .

Can you work out what shape is made by folding in this way? Why not create some patterns using this shape but in different sizes?

Make a flower design using the same shape made out of different sizes of paper.

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these clocks?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming playing the board game?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Fung at the table?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this telephone?

Use the lines on this figure to show how the square can be divided into 2 halves, 3 thirds, 6 sixths and 9 ninths.

Looking at the picture of this Jomista Mat, can you decribe what you see? Why not try and make one yourself?

Can you visualise what shape this piece of paper will make when it is folded?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this brazier for roasting chestnuts?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these people?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the chairs?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Granma T?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the lobster, yacht and cyclist?

For this task, you'll need an A4 sheet and two A5 transparent sheets. Decide on a way of arranging the A5 sheets on top of the A4 sheet and explore ...

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Imagine you have six different colours of paint. You paint a cube using a different colour for each of the six faces. How many different cubes can be painted using the same set of six colours?