This article is based on some of the ideas that emerged during the production of a book which takes visualising as its focus. We began to identify problems which helped us to take a structured view. . . .

This is the first article in a series which aim to provide some insight into the way spatial thinking develops in children, and draw on a range of reported research. The focus of this article is the. . . .

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

A bus route has a total duration of 40 minutes. Every 10 minutes, two buses set out, one from each end. How many buses will one bus meet on its way from one end to the other end?

Imagine you are suspending a cube from one vertex (corner) and allowing it to hang freely. Now imagine you are lowering it into water until it is exactly half submerged. What shape does the surface. . . .

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

Can you mark 4 points on a flat surface so that there are only two different distances between them?

This problem invites you to build 3D shapes using two different triangles. Can you make the shapes from the pictures?

Exchange the positions of the two sets of counters in the least possible number of moves

Here's a simple way to make a Tangram without any measuring or ruling lines.

Start with a large square, join the midpoints of its sides, you'll see four right angled triangles. Remove these triangles, a second square is left. Repeat the operation. What happens?

Can you work out what is wrong with the cogs on a UK 2 pound coin?

These are pictures of the sea defences at New Brighton. Can you work out what a basic shape might be in both images of the sea wall and work out a way they might fit together?

Bilbo goes on an adventure, before arriving back home. Using the information given about his journey, can you work out where Bilbo lives?

What happens when you turn these cogs? Investigate the differences between turning two cogs of different sizes and two cogs which are the same.

The reader is invited to investigate changes (or permutations) in the ringing of church bells, illustrated by braid diagrams showing the order in which the bells are rung.

Lyndon Baker describes how the Mobius strip and Euler's law can introduce pupils to the idea of topology.

Can you work out what shape is made by folding in this way? Why not create some patterns using this shape but in different sizes?

Semi-regular tessellations combine two or more different regular polygons to fill the plane. Can you find all the semi-regular tessellations?

Charlie and Alison have been drawing patterns on coordinate grids. Can you picture where the patterns lead?

A cheap and simple toy with lots of mathematics. Can you interpret the images that are produced? Can you predict the pattern that will be produced using different wheels?

Can you cut up a square in the way shown and make the pieces into a triangle?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Granma T?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the candle and sundial?

Looking at the picture of this Jomista Mat, can you decribe what you see? Why not try and make one yourself?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming?

How can you paint the faces of these eight cubes so they can be put together to make a 2 x 2 cube that is green all over AND a 2 x 2 cube that is yellow all over?

A game has a special dice with a colour spot on each face. These three pictures show different views of the same dice. What colour is opposite blue?

A game for 2 people. Take turns joining two dots, until your opponent is unable to move.

Use a single sheet of A4 paper and make a cylinder having the greatest possible volume. The cylinder must be closed off by a circle at each end.

You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this plaque design?

A tilted square is a square with no horizontal sides. Can you devise a general instruction for the construction of a square when you are given just one of its sides?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these rabbits?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Wai Ping, Wah Ming and Chi Wing?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the telescope and microscope?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the rocket?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this junk?

Can you cross each of the seven bridges that join the north and south of the river to the two islands, once and once only, without retracing your steps?

Investigate the number of paths you can take from one vertex to another in these 3D shapes. Is it possible to take an odd number and an even number of paths to the same vertex?

How can the same pieces of the tangram make this bowl before and after it was chipped? Use the interactivity to try and work out what is going on!

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this goat and giraffe?

Here is a solitaire type environment for you to experiment with. Which targets can you reach?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these convex shapes?