Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover an eight by eight chessboard?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remove them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

Can you make a 3x3 cube with these shapes made from small cubes?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the convex shapes?

A game for 2 people. Take turns joining two dots, until your opponent is unable to move.

Can you work out what is wrong with the cogs on a UK 2 pound coin?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.

How can the same pieces of the tangram make this bowl before and after it was chipped? Use the interactivity to try and work out what is going on!

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

An extension of noughts and crosses in which the grid is enlarged and the length of the winning line can to altered to 3, 4 or 5.

The whole set of tiles is used to make a square. This has a green and blue border. There are no green or blue tiles anywhere in the square except on this border. How many tiles are there in the set?

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

This problem is about investigating whether it is possible to start at one vertex of a platonic solid and visit every other vertex once only returning to the vertex you started at.

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Investigate the number of paths you can take from one vertex to another in these 3D shapes. Is it possible to take an odd number and an even number of paths to the same vertex?

Imagine a 3 by 3 by 3 cube made of 9 small cubes. Each face of the large cube is painted a different colour. How many small cubes will have two painted faces? Where are they?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

These points all mark the vertices (corners) of ten hidden squares. Can you find the 10 hidden squares?

A shape and space game for 2,3 or 4 players. Be the last person to be able to place a pentomino piece on the playing board. Play with card, or on the computer.

Investigate how the four L-shapes fit together to make an enlarged L-shape. You could explore this idea with other shapes too.

Which of these dice are right-handed and which are left-handed?

A game for 2 players. Given a board of dots in a grid pattern, players take turns drawing a line by connecting 2 adjacent dots. Your goal is to complete more squares than your opponent.

Slide the pieces to move Khun Phaen past all the guards into the position on the right from which he can escape to freedom.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

What happens when you turn these cogs? Investigate the differences between turning two cogs of different sizes and two cogs which are the same.