This article is based on some of the ideas that emerged during the production of a book which takes visualising as its focus. We began to identify problems which helped us to take a structured view. . . .

This is the first article in a series which aim to provide some insight into the way spatial thinking develops in children, and draw on a range of reported research. The focus of this article is the. . . .

This article for teachers discusses examples of problems in which there is no obvious method but in which children can be encouraged to think deeply about the context and extend their ability to. . . .

A cheap and simple toy with lots of mathematics. Can you interpret the images that are produced? Can you predict the pattern that will be produced using different wheels?

Place the numbers 1, 2, 3,..., 9 one on each square of a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows and columns add up to a prime number. How many different solutions can you find?

Mathematics is the study of patterns. Studying pattern is an opportunity to observe, hypothesise, experiment, discover and create.

Lyndon Baker describes how the Mobius strip and Euler's law can introduce pupils to the idea of topology.

A useful visualising exercise which offers opportunities for discussion and generalising, and which could be used for thinking about the formulae needed for generating the results on a spreadsheet.

Start with a large square, join the midpoints of its sides, you'll see four right angled triangles. Remove these triangles, a second square is left. Repeat the operation. What happens?

What is the shape of wrapping paper that you would need to completely wrap this model?

Can you find a way of representing these arrangements of balls?

These are pictures of the sea defences at New Brighton. Can you work out what a basic shape might be in both images of the sea wall and work out a way they might fit together?

I found these clocks in the Arts Centre at the University of Warwick intriguing - do they really need four clocks and what times would be ambiguous with only two or three of them?

A game for 2 players. Can be played online. One player has 1 red counter, the other has 4 blue. The red counter needs to reach the other side, and the blue needs to trap the red.

What can you see? What do you notice? What questions can you ask?

A game for 2 people. Take turns joining two dots, until your opponent is unable to move.

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

A shape and space game for 2,3 or 4 players. Be the last person to be able to place a pentomino piece on the playing board. Play with card, or on the computer.

Investigate how the four L-shapes fit together to make an enlarged L-shape. You could explore this idea with other shapes too.

Make a cube out of straws and have a go at this practical challenge.

This second article in the series refers to research about levels of development of spatial thinking and the possible influence of instruction.

An extension of noughts and crosses in which the grid is enlarged and the length of the winning line can to altered to 3, 4 or 5.

How can the same pieces of the tangram make this bowl before and after it was chipped? Use the interactivity to try and work out what is going on!

Investigate the number of paths you can take from one vertex to another in these 3D shapes. Is it possible to take an odd number and an even number of paths to the same vertex?

Can you work out what shape is made when this piece of paper is folded up using the crease pattern shown?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this brazier for roasting chestnuts?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these people?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Fung at the table?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming playing the board game?

Paint a stripe on a cardboard roll. Can you predict what will happen when it is rolled across a sheet of paper?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this telephone?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these clocks?

How many balls of modelling clay and how many straws does it take to make these skeleton shapes?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this shape. How would you describe it?

Here are shadows of some 3D shapes. What shapes could have made them?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the chairs?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the lobster, yacht and cyclist?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the child walking home from school?

Which of the following cubes can be made from these nets?

Have a go at making a few of these shapes from paper in different sizes. What patterns can you create?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these rabbits?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the telescope and microscope?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this plaque design?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the rocket?

If you can post the triangle with either the blue or yellow colour face up, how many ways can it be posted altogether?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these convex shapes?

Take it in turns to place a domino on the grid. One to be placed horizontally and the other vertically. Can you make it impossible for your opponent to play?