Can you work out the equations of the trig graphs I used to make my pattern?

Each of the following shapes is made from arcs of a circle of radius r. What is the perimeter of a shape with 3, 4, 5 and n "nodes".

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

An observer is on top of a lighthouse. How far from the foot of the lighthouse is the horizon that the observer can see?

Your school has been left a million pounds in the will of an ex- pupil. What model of investment and spending would you use in order to ensure the best return on the money?

Chris is enjoying a swim but needs to get back for lunch. If she can swim at 3 m/s and run at 7m/sec, how far along the bank should she land in order to get back as quickly as possible?

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?

Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern you get and generalise.

A hexagon, with sides alternately a and b units in length, is inscribed in a circle. How big is the radius of the circle?

Which of these games would you play to give yourself the best possible chance of winning a prize?

A plastic funnel is used to pour liquids through narrow apertures. What shape funnel would use the least amount of plastic to manufacture for any specific volume ?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Chris and Jo put two red and four blue ribbons in a box. They each pick a ribbon from the box without looking. Jo wins if the two ribbons are the same colour. Is the game fair?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

There are many different methods to solve this geometrical problem - how many can you find?

Stick some cubes together to make a cuboid. Find two of the angles by as many different methods as you can devise.

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?