A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

If: A + C = A; F x D = F; B - G = G; A + H = E; B / H = G; E - G = F and A-H represent the numbers from 0 to 7 Find the values of A, B, C, D, E, F and H.

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?