A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

A game for 2 or more people, based on the traditional card game Rummy. Players aim to make two `tricks', where each trick has to consist of a picture of a shape, a name that describes that shape, and. . . .

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid) parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?

An aluminium can contains 330 ml of cola. If the can's diameter is 6 cm what is the can's height?

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?